Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines programmed to think like humans and imitate their actions. The term can also be applied to any machine that shows traits
associated with a human mind, such as learning and solving problems.
Artificial intelligence is based on the principle that human intelligence can be defined in such a way that a machine can easily imitate it and perform tasks, from the simplest to the most complex. The objectives of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning and perception.
As technology advances, the previous benchmarks that defined artificial intelligence become obsolete. For example, machines that calculate basic functions or recognize text through optimal character recognition are no longer considered artificial intelligence, since this function is now taken for granted as an intrinsic function of the computer.
From the beginning, artificial intelligence has been analyzed by scientists and the public. A common theme is the idea that machines will be so highly developed that humans will not be able to keep up and take off alone, redesigning themselves at an exponential rate.
Another is that machines can hack people’s privacy and even be armed. Other issues discuss the ethics of artificial intelligence and whether intelligent systems such as robots should be treated with the same rights as humans.