Bubonic Plague

Bubonic Plague

A city in northern China sounded an alarm Sunday after a suspicious case was reported, according to official media outlets here. Bayannur an autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, has announced a level III warning on pest prevention and control, according to the state agency People’s Daily Online. On July 1, Xinhua news agency reported that two suspected bubonic plague cases reported in Khovd province in western Mongolia were confirmed by laboratory test results. Confirmed cases are a resident and his  brother. The brothers ate groundhog meat, the health official said, warning people not to eat groundhog meat. Bubonic plague is a rare but serious bacterial infection transmitted by rodent fleas.

It is a zoonotic disease and can be passed on to other animals or humans. It is mainly the result of the bite of an infected flea. It can also result from the exposure to body fluids of an animal infected with dead plague. It is transmitted by Yersinia pestis bacteria and requires urgent hospitalization. According to the World Health Organization, it can kill an adult in less than 24 hours if it is not treated in time. Without treatment the plague can kill 30% to 60% of infected people.

What are the symptoms:
A person infected with bubonic plague will exhibit the following symptoms: enlarged lymph nodes, which can be as large as chicken eggs, groin, armpit or neck. They can be tender and warm. Others include fever, chills, headache, fatigue and muscle pain. From 2010 to 2015, more than 3,200 cases of bubonic plague were reported, resulting in 584 deaths. In the 14th century, the bubonic plague caused black death in Asia, Europe and Africa. It has caused the death of over 50 million people, from around 25% to 60% of the European population.

Bubonic plague is a form of plague that a person can contract after being bitten by infected fleas. People can contract the plague if they are bitten by infected fleas or by direct contamination of an infected rodent. Bubonic plague is caused by the Yersinia pestis bacteria and leaves the swollen lymph nodes near the areas of the body where bacteria have entered the skin. Swelling, pain and suppuration of the lymph nodes or “bubo” produce the characteristic plague bubo. According to the World Health Organization, enlarged lymph nodes or “bubos” can explode and become open sores full of pus. Some cases also reported deeper knots. There is no person-to-person transmission news of the bubonic plague. To prevent bubonic plague, people are generally advised not to touch dead animals and to use insect repellents or fleas in the event of an epidemic.

The onset of bubonic plague is characterized by symptoms such as headache, chills, fever, malaise and pain usually around the affected areas of the body. The first symptoms can appear 2 to 6 days after a person has contacted the plague. Bubonic plague turns into lung plague when bacteria enter the lungs. 

VACCINE:
According to the WHO, a bubonic plague vaccine is available for people with high exposure to the plague. Malawi reported nine suspected cases of bubonic plague in 1994, of which four confirmed. In 1994, he appeared in the Mutarara district of the Tete province, Mozambique. The plague epidemic continued from August to October. There have been 216 cases and three deaths.

In Kenya, bubonic cases have been reported, mainly in women and children. About 393 cases, 10 deaths were recorded between September 1978 and March 1979. Libya recorded eight cases of bubonic plague in September 1984. Authorities from a city in China’s Inner Mongolia region issued a warning on Sunday, the day after a hospital reported a suspected bubonic plague case. The health committee of the city of Bayan Nur issued the third level alarm, the second lowest in a four level system. The alert prohibits hunting and the consumption of animals that could be carriers of plague and asks the public to report any suspected case of plague or fever without a clear cause and to report any sick or dead groundhog.

Sunday’s warning follows four reported cases of plague in people from Inner Mongolia last November including two of lung plague, a deadly variant of the plague. Bubonic plague, known as the Death Star in the Middle Ages, is a highly contagious and often fatal disease that is mainly transmitted by rodents. Plague cases are not uncommon in China, but outbreaks have become increasingly rare. In between 2009 – 2018, China reported 26 cases and 11 deaths. Bubonic plague is a bacterial disease transmitted by fleas that live in wild rodents such as marmots, was reported in a city in northern China after a suspected case was reported on Saturday.

Bayannur, an autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, has announced a level III warning on pest prevention and control, according to the state agency People’s Daily Online. The suspected case of bubonic plague was reported Saturday by a hospital in Bayannur. The local health authority has announced that the alarm period will continue until the end of 2020. Currently, there is a risk that a plague epidemic will spread to this city. The public should improve their awareness and self-protection skills and report abnormal health immediately, said the local health authority. A year in which the world is already facing the current coronavirus pandemic, along with frequent earthquakes, locust attacks and cyclones in India, Twitterati has expressed concern about the news. Many of them tried to console themselves through memes. In response to the news, business tycoon Anand Mahindra went to the microblogging site and wrote, No! I ask for mercy. I can’t take any more news of this kind.

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