Telemedicine is the exchange of medical information from one place to another through electronic communication, which improves patient health. The ATA has traditionally viewed telehealth and telemedicine as interchangeable terms, including general definitions of remote medical care. Telemedicine allows patients in remote locations to access medical experience quickly, efficiently and without the need to travel. The field of telemedicine has changed radically since its inception. Just about fifty years ago, some hospitals began experimenting with telemedicine to reach patients in remote locations. But with rapid technological changes in recent decades, telemedicine has developed into a complex and integrated service used in hospitals, homes, private medical offices and other healthcare facilities.
The concept of telemedicine began with the birth of telecommunication technology, the means of sending information remotely in the form of electromagnetic signals. Early forms of telecommunication technology included the telegraph, radio and telephone. By the end of the 19th century, radio and telephone were just beginning to emerge as viable communication technologies. Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone in 1876 and Heinrich Rudolf Hertz made the first radio transmission in 1887. But it was not until the beginning of the twentieth century that the general population began to use these technologies and imagine that they can be applied in the field of medicine. In 1925, an illustration on the cover of Science and Invention magazine presented a strange invention of Dr. Hugo Gernsback, called teledactyl. The imagined instrument would use robust robotic fingers and radio technology to examine a patient from afar and show the doctor a video of the patient. While this invention never went beyond the conceptual phase, it predicted the popular definition of telemedicine that we think today a remote video consultation between doctor and patient.
Several decades later, in the 1950s, some hospital systems and university medical centers experimented with how to put the concept of telemedicine into practice. Medical personnel from two different health centers in Pennsylvania, approximately 24 miles away, have sent x-ray images over the phone. In the 1950s, a Canadian doctor based this technology on a teleradiology system used in Montreal and the surrounding area. Then, in 1959, doctors from the University of Nebraska were able to transmit neurological exams to medical students across campus through two-way interactive television. In 1964, they had built a telemedicine link that allowed them to provide health services at Norfolk State Hospital, 181 miles from campus. Initially, healthcare professionals developed this technology to reach remote patients living in rural areas. But over time, medical personnel and the United States government.
They saw the big picture, the potential to reach poorly served urban populations and respond to medical emergencies by sharing medical consultations and patient medical records without delay. In the 60s, large investments by the American government. The United States, including the Department of Public Health, NASA, the Department of Defense and the Department of Health and Human Sciences, have fueled research and innovation in telemedicine. Sending heart rate during emergencies started around this time. For example, in Miami, the university’s medical center worked closely with firefighters to send electro-cardiac rhythm signals through voice radio channels from rescue sites.
Today the field of telemedicine is changing faster than ever. As technology advances exponentially, economic affordability and accessibility of basic telemedicine tools also increases. For example, we now have not only technology for live video telemedicine, but a large part of the American population. UU. You have experience in using online video chat applications and access a computer or mobile device to use them. While telemedicine is still used today to address these problems, it is increasingly becoming a tool for affordable healthcare. Today’s connected patient wants to spend less time in the doctor’s waiting room and get immediate treatment for minor but urgent conditions when they need it. Many offer patients 24-hour, 7-day access to medical care with a doctor on call hired by that company. Others offer access to larger hospitals and health centers to clinical staff and additional specialists for outsourcing special cases (common pattern among teleradiology companies). Others provide a telemedicine platform that doctors can use to offer virtual visits with their patients. Telemedicine is increasingly becoming a way to give medical practices an edge in a competitive healthcare landscape where it is difficult to remain independent or maintain a healthy balance.
The rise of telemedicine is currently influenced by the growing field of mobile health. With the wide variety of consumer-oriented mobile health apps and new mobile medical devices, patients are starting to use the technology to monitor and monitor their health. Simple home medical devices that can take vital signs and diagnose ear infections, monitor glucose levels or measure blood pressure allow patients to collect the medical information necessary for a doctor’s diagnosis, without having to go to the doctor’s office. And again, as more patients become proactive about using technology to manage their health, they will also be more open to alternative ways of receiving assistance through telemedicine!
In most cases, telemedicine is a distinct advantage. It expands access to quality healthcare, particularly to the regions and underserved populations that need it most. It provides a way to reduce healthcare spending and engage today’s connected patient. It has the potential to change the pattern of health care delivery for the better.
However, telemedicine also has some disadvantages, due to the nature of its virtual interaction and the social and technological barriers that could change in the future. The good news is that with the growing popularity and widespread acceptance of telemedicine, it is likely that we will see how the disadvantages of telemedicine are resolved. With new technological advances and the changing policy that increasingly supports telemedicine, we are continually looking for ways to improve telemedicine and make it a viable, even beneficial, form of healthcare for many medical settings.